Monday, September 21

做人好多Tense

小弟才疏學淺, 最近學習西班牙語, 眼見一個動詞單單一種Tense, 其詞尾便有6個變化(1、2、3身, 再乘單數/眾數), N咁多種Tense合共有百多個詞尾變化............ 急急腳, 從最"熟悉"的歐洲語言---英語---的tense惡補開始, 要不然老師某天跟我說開始教the conditional perfect continuous tense的動詞變化, 也只能呆立當兒。

起初拿起字典裡附錄的Tense of Regular Verb來研究, 便發現16種Tense中也起碼有5-6種不知何解, 要再深入及找網上老師解釋解釋, 研究研究之後才知該何時用得著(其實我覺得我一世也用不著....), 但仍覺混亂, 要好好組織一下。

又作作溫故知新。若動詞是「To Look」, subject是第一身單數, 有沒有人能說出以下16種tense是應該怎樣表達呢?

1) The present simple

2) The simple past

3) The present perfect

4) The past perfect

5) The future simple

6) The future perfect

7) The conditional

8) The conditional perfect

9) The present continuous

10) The past continuous

11) The present perfect continuous

12) The past perfect continuous

13) The future continuous

14) The future perfect continuous

15) The conditional continuous

16) The conditional perfect continuous

再難一點, 把該英語, 以中文表達其意思。又或是以中文分辦其分別, 每種tense應在哪一個情況下才能使用。

這是今星期給自己的功課。也是給自己在N年前, 那5年中學英語課堂生涯裡, 只顧發夢、畫公仔及偷偷學寫日本平假名/片假名的懲罰........

搞得清楚便能夠容易一點挑戰西班牙語中, 看似最難的部份。

29 comments:

Ben said...

1. look
2. looked
3. have looked
4. had looked
5. will look
6. will have looked
7. would look?
8. would have looked?
9. am looking
10. was looking
11. have been looking
12. had been looking
13. will be looking
14. will have been looking
15. would be looking?
16. would have been looking?

(未聽過7,8,15,16...)

Form是重要, 但最重要都係用法吧...

Donald Kwan said...

BEN:

對呀, 所以我想首先也要知每一種在英語的用法, 才能把西語學好... :D

shangri_la said...

It would be much easier if you list the tenses in 3D matrix than linear (let's forget about conditional flavor for the moment):

1) Present/Past/Future
2) Simple/Perfect
3) Non continuous/Continuous

So now what are the differences among each of the three categories?

1) The first category is to emphasis the time that action happened

2) The second category is to emphasize the action actually has (or hasn't) happened instead of the time it happened. For example when you want to emphasize you have done what your boss told you to do (rather than when you did it), you would use perfect tense

3) This category is to emphasize the action is non-stop. For example, if you want to let your boss know that you haven't stopped working ever since you come in, then you would use continuous tense

Now put it altogether, supposed you failed your test and your teacher accused you of not studying, then you want to emphasize you actually had studied and you have studied non-stop for three hours yesterday, then you should use:

1) Past because it happened yesterday
2) Perfect because you want to emphasize you *have* studied
3) Continuous because you want to emphasize you did that non-stop

i.e. I had been studying for three hours yesterday

Now the conditional part. I don't know about now but when I was in Hong Kong, the English syllabus usually put this category under conditional sentence instead of tense. It is used to describe something you would/should/could do but you didn't. To use the same example above, supposed *now* you find it useless to study for three hours because you failed anyway. So you said "I would have gone to movie yesterday instead of studying". It is a conditional sentence in the sense that *if* you knew you would fail the test anyway, you wouldn't have studied.

Now it is your turn to tell me in Spanish :-)

Albert said...

why?

many many thanks for what you have been sharing and inspiring me.

dicballlai said...

Donald, I miss u already.

Anonymous said...

Hey Donald,

Still remember i left a comment here b4 said i met u in hmv n didnt come for say hi? I reli hope i did it last time. If u can c this in heaven, u know there's lots of bloggers will miss u so much especially your frds here. Take care n c u in heaven!

Jun

Ogake said...

謝謝你帶給我們的,祝你在那邊活得快樂。

Kenneth6433 said...

i have been reading your blogs for quite some time...I dont know you personally but I can feel you are a nice person already just through your writings...wish you peace in heaven, with lots of movies. You will be missed.

小奧 said...

時態,可以選擇甚麼才好。

13) The future continuous

有天再會

Anonymous said...

RIP donald! you are always in our heart!!!

Wordy said...

Donald,

Though you don't recognize my face, I have seen you a few times (sometimes with Gary) in various film festivals. I am a frequent reader of your blogs. I like your writing and passion for movies and life and through the lines I am often inspired.

謝謝您給家人、摯愛、讀者帶來種種生命的熱情。


Franky

Anonymous said...

i dont know you. but i read your blog everyday. i felt in love with a gay guy, i cant stop myself of loving him. i want to understand him better, i dont know....i started to read blogs of gay people. u and your friends are in my reading list, it came so naturally, turning into a habit.

you guys are the most pure animals in this world.

i was sad...for these two days, knowing that you passed away. i dont know why, it feels that a very important friend of mine is leaving me.

i feel blue for this.....i wish you are good somewhere in the heaven...

i always said to myself, life is not a matter of how long, is a matter of how board we have achieved. i think you did very good with your life.......when coming near to perfection, life has to be ended.

i do not know what to think to make myself feeling better of your death. i wish you good......there.

真‧森羅萬丈 said...

因為你樣子有點像我朋友,後來發現原來你會寫影評,所以間中會看一看。
今天知道你的消息。
再見,後會有期。
某一天我再和你打個招呼吧!

光.軍 said...

Donald,

願您在他方一切安好

Anonymous said...

最美一幕 還未閉幕
最闊的路在塵世遠方
最好知己永在身旁
聽我講 我從不說謊

我想相聚 誰便再聚
我想歡樂便隨意去追
我想相信 我做得對
想到人極疲累

我自信有日如願
縱使天高地厚
仍被我逆轉
假使一生會沒了沒完
總有日會如願
當結局未揭穿

FROM 朋友珍重,再見

Anonymous said...

Wish you the best in heaven ~

I never come to know you, but I keep on visiting your blog as a habit, the news is shocking to me.

I don't know why, but I feel very sad.
Having not been talking to you, yet I feel we could have connections through your sharings with films. I guess I have considered you as my friend.

Thanks and goodbye ...

Bobby

ZO said...

剛剛看到您的消息我哭了...好喜歡看您的網誌與個性, 願您安息!

Agnes艾麗絲謝 said...

我不能相信... 願你與我們同在!!!

mad dog said...

不會忘記你這位網友. 會為你及你的家人禱告.

小蓓 said...

really shocked...

RIP,一路好走!

PO. said...

R.I.P.
謝謝你曾帶給過我們的文字
願你一路好走

ceci ceci said...

你好 我一直有追看你關於電影的網誌
很高興有你如此愛電影的人
發現你很久沒更新了
才click進這個blog
想不到看到留言 才知道你已經離去
很可惜不能再看到你的影評
亦惋惜一個志同道合者的突然離去
我不認識你 但希望在此送上對你的感謝
以及珍重

ceci

said...

新年快樂。^^

Anonymous said...

donald .. 新年快樂

Anonymous said...

donald, i miss you!!!

Gary Lam said...

miss you always

Gary Lam said...

如果你有看, 我想你一定會喜歡楊小姐這個 CONCERT 的... 唱得真係好...

阿葉 said...

您想創業嗎? 您滿意現在的收入嗎? 您滿意現在的工作環境嗎?
不需技術 不需囤貨 不需推銷 不需說服 不拉親友 絕對合法
一台電腦就搞定一切 100%在家工作 上班兼創業 家庭事業可兼顧
只要瑣碎時間就能經營 限時免費體驗報名中 要搶要快
http://life-so-ez.blogspot.com/

王純倫 said...

夫妻視頻秀聊天室
裸聊直播間
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
夫妻視頻秀聊天室
裸聊直播間
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
台灣甜心女孩視訊
漾美眉視訊交友
Q女孩真人視訊
真人秀視頻聊天室
真人秀視頻聊天室
免費寂寞交友聊天
台灣甜心辣妹視訊
台灣視訊聊天室破解
影音視訊聊天室
真人美女視頻交友
一對一免費視訊聊天室
台灣麗人視頻聊天室
台灣麗人視頻聊天室
真人秀聊天視頻網站
真人秀聊天視頻網站
免費午夜聊天室
免費午夜聊天室
在線視頻語音聊天室
在線視頻語音聊天室
免費語音視頻聊天室
免費語音視頻聊天室
同城視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
0401影音視訊聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
免費視訊
免費視訊
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
夫妻視頻秀聊天室
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
夫妻視頻秀聊天室
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
裸聊直播間
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻
裸聊直播間
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
裸聊直播間
夫妻真人秀視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻
裸聊直播間
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
視頻交友-真愛旅舍
視頻交友-真愛旅舍
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室
真愛旅舍視頻聊天室

Blog Widget by LinkWithin